The ages of consent for sexual activity vary by jurisdiction across
Restrictions apply for sex with adolescents between the ages of 13 and 16 [http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/15000-19999/16546/texact.htm#17 (Argentine Penal Code, Article 120)] . Charges can only be brought after a complaint by the minor, their parent or guardian - [http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/15000-19999/16546/texact.htm#12 (Argentine Penal Code Article 72)] (however, the State prosecutes when the minor has no parent or legal guardian, or when the offender is one of them).
The restrictions mentioned above (for ages between 13 and 16) apply whenever someone over 18, taking advantage of the sexual immaturity of the minor or of his
* creates an abusive situation of sexual
* or when any type of
There is also a further Argentine law, 'Corruption of minors', which can bring charges to those manipulating minors below the age of 18 into having sexual relations - [http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/15000-19999/16546/texact.htm#17 (Argentine Penal Code Article 125 - in Spanish)] . Penalties are aggravated in three situations:
*(a) if the minor is under 13;
*(b) when sex is obtained by the means of
*(c) when the offender takes advantage of being a previous companion to the minor, in order to violate any of the restrictions aforementioned for ages between 13 and 16 [http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/15000-19999/16546/texact.htm#17 (Argentine Penal Code - Article 119, 4th paragraph, section “f” - in Spanish)] .
The age of consent in
There is also a crime called "estupro" (article 309), which applies for consented relations obtained by the means of
Both "violación" and "estupro" are aggravated (article 310) with an extra one third of the term when: (a) there is a serious
Finally, the crime of “corruption of minors” (article 318) is applicable to those manipulating a person under 17 into
The age of consent in
Sex with minors below the age of 14 is the equivalent of
As an exception, the State can prosecute the offender when the minor is at any age below 18, but only when the family of the minor is so poor that they can’t afford a lawsuit (Penal Code, article 225, I) or when the offender is the father, mother, stepfather, stepmother or legal guardian of the minor (Penal Code, article 225, II) .
The prostitution of minors is punished by law and is prosecuted by the State (see [http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/Leis/L8069Compilado.htm Code of Minors] , article 244-A – in Portuguese).
The law makes no distinctions between
In any case, only individuals over 18 can be legally charged.
The present age of consent laws are valid since 1940. On March 2005, the crime of seduction of minors was abolished by the Brazilian Congress. It was applicable only when the victim was a virgin woman between 14 and 18 and was cumulative with corruption of minors (which still exists). In this same occasion, Congress approved the end of two former legal exceptions, by which all charges would be lifted if the offender and the minor wanted to marry, or if the minor married to someone else and didn't manifest intention for sixty days of continuing with the lawsuit.
There also exists in the Chilean
* When one takes advantage of a mental anomaly or perturbation of the child, even if transitory.
* When one takes advantage of a dependency or subordinate relationship of the child, like in cases when the aggressor is in charge of the custody, education or caretaking of the child, or when there exists a laboral relationship with the child.
* When one takes advantage of severely neglected children.
* When one takes advantage of the sexual ignorance or inexperience of the child.
The sexual acts regulated by Articles 361 (rape), 362 (statutory rape), 363 ("estupro") and 365 (homosexual sex) are defined as "carnal access" ("acceso carnal") which means either oral, anal or vaginal intercourse. Other articles within the penal code regulate other sexual interactions (Articles 365 bis, 366, 366 bis, 366 ter, 366 quarter). Article 365 bis, regulates the "introduction of objects" either in the anus, vagina or mouth. Article 366 bis, defines "sexual act" as any relevant act with sexual significance accomplished by physical contact with the victim, or affecting the victim's genitals, anus or mouth even when no physical contact occurred.
Article 369, states that charges relating to these offenses (Articles 361 to 365) can only be brought after a complaint by the minor, their parent or guardian or legal representative. Nevertheless, if the offended party cannot freely file the complaint and if he or she lacks a legal representative, parent of guardian, or if the legal representative, parent or guardian is involved in the crime, the Public Ministry may proceed by its own.
In 1810, the age of consent for opposite-sex activity was 12, then in 1976 it was raised to 14 and then in 1998 same-sex activity was made legal - With an "unequal" age of consent statute provision set at 18.
The age of consent in
Additionally, Article 209 refers to
Article 211 details circumstances in which penalties are aggravated, from one third to one half of extra time in prison, for any of the previous articles: (a) if there are multiple offenders; (b) if the offender is in position of
The age of consent in
There is also a clause about corruption of minors ( [http://www.dlh.lahora.com.ec/paginas/judicial/PAGINAS/Codpenal.3.html#anchor1136881 articles 509 and 510 of the Penal Code] ), for a crime called "“estupro”", which applies specifically when consent to sexual relations with female adolescents between 14 and 18 is obtained by the means of
Moreover, the [http://www.dlh.lahora.com.ec/paginas/judicial/PAGINAS/Cod.Ninez.Adolescencia.htm#anchor84373 Childhood and Adolescence Code] of 2003, in its article 68, have broadened the definition of sexual abuse of minors to include any physical contact or suggestion of sexual nature obtained through seduction,
Currently the age of consent in
The general age of consent in
Article 135 of the [http://www.leyes.com.py/rubros/constitucion_codigos_convenios/codigos/codigo_penal/Libro2/II_tituloI.html Paraguayan Penal Code] , which covers the sexual abuse of minors, defines child ("“niño”"), for the purposes of the article, as anyone under 14 (see 8th clause). Sexual acts in general with a child under 14 are punished with up to three years in
Marriage and adultery
There is also a further crime called "estupro" (Article 137), which is defined as “
[http://www.leyes.com.py/rubros/constitucion_codigos_convenios/codigos/codigo_penal/Libro2/II_tituloI.html Article 137] of the Penal Code reads: “(1) The man who persuades a woman from 14 to 16 to perform extramarital coitus (
On the other side, the [http://www.avert.org/aofconsent.htm Avert.org] website affirms that Paraguay’s general age of consent is 16 outside of
The age of consent in
There is also a crime called
A further crime called “
Finally, article 178 establishes a different provision – if any of these offenses result in
The age of consent in
* [http://www.gaytimes.co.uk/gt/listings.asp?CID=900&action=ShowCountry gaytimes.co.uk listing for Suriname]
The age of consent in
Between the ages of 12 and 15, there is an intermediary status where violence is legally presumed until otherwise proven [(see [http://www.parlamento.gub.uy/Codigos/CodigoPenal/l2t10.htm article 272, “1”] of the Penal Code) ] . In this case, the "onus probandi" (the burden of proof) shifts from the plaintiff to the accused, who still has the chance to prove in their defense that consent was given. Below the age of 12 proof of consent is not a defense.
Uruguay also has a "Corruption of minors" law, which can bring charges to those manipulating minors below the age of 18 into having sexual relations - [ [http://www.parlamento.gub.uy/Codigos/CodigoPenal/l2t10.htm Uruguayan Penal Code Article 274] ] . For ages over 15, however, a lawsuit can only be initiated by a minor or their parents, except when the minor has no parents or legal guardian; or where the accusation is brought against a parent or legal guardian [ (see [http://www.parlamento.gub.uy/Codigos/CodigoPenal/l2t10.htm article 279] of the Penal Code) ] .
The age of consent in Venezuela stands at 16 regardless of
* http://www.unifr.ch/derechopenal/ley.htm - This address shows a list organized by the University of Freibourg in
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
What is the lowest age of consent in South America? ›
In the countries of South America, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, and Peru have the age of consent at 14 years. The age of consent is 15 years in Uruguay and 16 years in Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela. In Chile and Argentina, the age of consent is 18 years.Is 13 the age of consent in Argentina? ›
Argentina. Sexual acts with children younger than 13 are illegal. Sexual relations with teens 13–18 are addressed by several laws.What is the age of consent in Brazil? ›
Age of Consent in Brazil
Brazil statutory rape law is violated when an individual has consensual sexual contact with a person under age 14. A close in age exemption allow minors aged 12 and 13 to engage in sexual contact with partners less than 5 years older. Brazil does not have a close-in-age exemption.
About ages of consent in Argentina
The age of consent to sexual activity in Argentina is 18 years old. Sexual activity with a child under 13 years is considered statutory rape (Argentine Penal Code, Title III, Crimes against Sexual Integrity ("Title III"), Article 119).
The current rules for age of consent in Germany were set following a post-reunification penal law reform in 1994. The ages of 14 and 16 had been relevant since the Criminal Code for the German Empire came into force in 1872: Under § 176, sexual acts with children under 14 were illegal and have been always since.Can a 22 year old date a 16 year old in South Africa? ›
What is the age of consent in SA? The age of consent in SA is 17. This means that it is against the law for anyone to have sex with someone who is under 17.Is 12 the age of consent in Italy? ›
The lowest minimum age is 14 years, set in seven Member States: Austria, Bulgaria, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Italy and Portugal. The highest is set at 18 years – in Malta.What is the Colombian age of consent? ›
The Age of Consent in Colombia is 14 years old. The age of consent is the minimum age at which an individual is considered legally old enough to consent to participation in sexual activity.What countries age of consent is 12? ›
The age of consent is 12 in the Philippines and Angola, and 13 in Burkina Faso, Comoros, Niger, and Japan. Japan often stands out as the only developed country on the list of lowest ages of consent, but local prefecture statutes in most areas of the country raise the effective age to 16-18.What is the age of consent in Jamaica? ›
The Age of Consent in Jamaica is 16 years old. The age of consent is the minimum age at which an individual is old enough to legally consent to participation in sexual activities. Therefore, individuals under the age of 16 cannot legally consent to sexual activity.
What's the age of consent in China? ›
Age of Consent in China
China statutory rape law is violated when an individual has consensual sexual contact with a person under age 14, regardless of sexual orientation or gender. Pnnishment is more severe if younger party is both under age 14 and was acting as a prostitute.
Over time, the age of consent has been increased by various laws in India and was 16 from 1940 until 2012, when the Pocso Act raised the age of consent to 18 years, one of the highest ages globally. A vast majority of countries set their ages in the range of 14 to 16 years.What is the age of consent in Egypt? ›
Age of Consent – 18 years Criminal Code Art. 269 Whoever indecently assaults a lad or lass not yet attaining eighteen complete years of age, without force or threat shall be punished with detention.What is the legal age of consent in Cuba? ›
Cuba. The age of consent in Cuba is 16.What is the age of consent in Uruguay? ›
Age of Consent: 15 years of age Penal Code Art. 272 – Rape Whoever compels a person of the same or different sex, with violence or threats, to suffer carnal conjunction, even if the act was not consummated commits the act of rape. Violence is presumed when carnal conjunction takes place: 1.What country has the lowest age consent? ›
According to reports, Nigeria has the lowest age of consent across the world at 11 years which is followed by Angola at 12 years. On the other hand, in countries like the United Kingdom the age of consent is 16, in Greece and France it is 15 and 14 in Germany, and Italy.What is the age of consent in Ukraine? ›
Sexual intercourse and other activities of a sexual nature with persons under 16 years of age are illegal under Articles 155 and 156 of the Criminal Code, punishable by deprivation of liberty for up to five years.What is age of consent in Korea? ›
To strengthen the protection of minors, South Korea has revised its age of consent from 13 to 16. Under the new law, adults who have intercourse with individuals younger than 16 will be prosecuted for child sexual abuse, or rape.Can a 15 year old date a 13 year old in South Africa? ›
Furthermore, South African law states that no child under the age of 12 can consent to sex, and therefore, sex with a pre-teen is rape or sexual assault.What is the age of consent in Afghanistan? ›
Age of Marriage: 18 for males, 16 for females Civil Code Art.
What is the age of consent in Ethiopia? ›
Ethiopia Age of consent is 18 years. Adolescents below 18 years may be prosecuted for consensual sex. Kenya Sexual intercourse with a person below 18 years is defilement.Is the age of consent 12 in Japan? ›
Age of consent in Japan
Japan's legal age to indulge in consensual sex is currently 13 years. It has been 13 years since 1907 when the Penal Code of Japan set the age limit. At that time, the average life expectancy of women was 44 years, and it was common for women to marry and have children at a young age.
The lowest age of consent is in Nigeria (11) followed by the Philippines and Angola (12). The age of consent is 13 in four countries – Japan, Niger, Comoros and Burkina Faso.What is the age of consent in Japan? ›
Japan is poised to raise the age of consent from 13 to 16 in an overhaul of legislation prompted by criticism that existing laws fail to protect children from rape and other sexual offences.What is the age of consent in Vietnam? ›
Age of Consent: 18 years Vietnam Criminal Code Art. 143, paragraph 4 Any person who employs trickery to make his care-dependent or a person in extreme need to reluctantly engage in sexual intercourse or other sexual activities shall face a penalty of 01 - 05 years' imprisonment. 4.Is Japan's age of consent actually 13? ›
A panel of the Japanese Justice Ministry has proposed raising the age of consent from 13 to 16. It forms part of a wider overhaul of Japan's laws on sex crimes, after multiple rape acquittals in 2019 caused outcry.Which country has 9 year old age of consent? ›
The lowest age of consent is 9 years for Maldives and 12 years for Angola, Mexico, Philippines, South Sudan and Sudan, which is the minimum age in the world.Why is the age of consent in Japan only 13 year old? ›
In society at that time, 13 was regarded as a reasonable age of consent. In addition, the legal marriageable age was 15 back then. Therefore, the age of 13, which is two years younger than 15, was considered sensible. This explains why the age of consent is 13 in Japan.What is the age of consent in Haiti? ›
Antitrafficking Law Sec. 1.1. 8 “Child” means any person under the age of 18 years. Age of Consent – 15 years old Criminal Code Art.What is the age of consent in Ghana? ›
The age of consent to sex in Ghana is 16yrs and the legal age for marriage in Ghana is 18yrs.
What is the age of consent in Trinidad? ›
Children under sixteen years of age cannot in law give consent to sexual intercourse and a wide range of other sexual activities. They are however vulnerable to sexual violence and sexual exploitation. It is a criminal offence for anyone to have sexual intercourse with a child who is under sixteen years of age.What is the consent age in Dominican Republic? ›
Most Caribbean countries have set the minimum age at 16. In the Dominican Republic and Ecuador, the age is set at 18.Is 13 the Spanish age of consent? ›
The age of consent to sexual activity in Spain is 16, as artículo 183.1. Código Civil makes it a crime to engage in sexual activity with someone under that age.What is the age of consent in Asia? ›
|Countries and states||Hong Kong|
|Restricted by authority||Homo||16|
Burkina Faso, Comoros Islands, Niger, and Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic also have their age of consent as 13 years. In 32 other countries including Albania, Austria, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Brazil, China, Eritrea, Italy, Germany, Hungary, Myanmar, Columbia, and Portugal the age consent is 14 years.What state has 12 age of consent? ›
Alabama: In Alabama, it is illegal for an adult someone 18 or older to have sex with a minor someone younger than 16, even if the sex is consensual. Alabama minimum age of victim is 12 years.What country has the age of consent at 9? ›
The lowest age of consent is 9 years for Maldives and 12 years for Angola, Mexico, Philippines, South Sudan and Sudan, which is the minimum age in the world.What is the lowest consent age in the world? ›
According to reports, Nigeria has the lowest age of consent across the world at 11 years which is followed by Angola at 12 years. On the other hand, in countries like the United Kingdom the age of consent is 16, in Greece and France it is 15 and 14 in Germany, and Italy.What is the lowest age of consent in history? ›
In 1880, the ages of consent were set at 10 or 12 in most states, with the exception of Delaware where it was 7.What is age of consent in China? ›
The age of consent in mainland China is 14 years old. China's two special administrative regions, Macau and Hong Kong, have their own local age of consent laws. Like China, Macau's age of consent is 14 years old. The age of consent in Hong Kong is 16 years old.
What is the age of consent in Australia? ›
The legal age for consensual sex varies between 16 and 17 years across Australian state and territory jurisdictions (see Table 2). For other sexual activities, the criminal legislation relating to different types of sexual behaviours and interactions varies across Australian jurisdictions. Tas. Vic.Why is Japan's age of consent so low? ›
13 is the age set by Japanese Penal Code. But why was the age of consent set at such an young age in Japan? The reason is because the law was made nearly 120 years ago and back in those days the average life expectancy of people in the country was less than 50.What is the age of consent in Pakistan? ›
Age of Consent: 18 years Pakistan Penal Code Child Abuse Amendment Act Art. 377A.Why is the age of consent 12 in the Philippines? ›
Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte has signed into law a bill that raises the minimum age of sexual consent from 12 to 16, his office said on Monday, in a bid to protect minors from rape and sexual abuse.Was the age of consent in Japan 13? ›
Japan poised to raise age of consent from 13 in overhaul of sexual offence laws. Japan is poised to raise the age of consent from 13 to 16 in an overhaul of legislation prompted by criticism that existing laws fail to protect children from rape and other sexual offences.